Types of Rail Vehicles
Various types of rolling stock are used for carriage of cargo by rail. Depending on the nature of cargo, vehicle body structure, loading and unloading methods and cargo safekeeping measures, there are boxcars, gondolas, flatcars, tank cars, dump cars, bunker cars and refrigerator cars.

Boxcar is used for carriage of cargo requiring protection against precipitation. Car body is a structure consisting of a frame with a floor, 4 walls and a roof. Cargo is loaded into and unloaded from general purpose boxcars through side doors.

Gondola is designed for carriage of cargo not requiring protection against precipitation. Since they are open-topped rail vehicles, it is possible to make cargo loading fully automated. There are gondolas with floor hatches for carriage of loose bulk cargo enabling automated unloading.

Hopper car is a type of gondola used for mass carriage of fertilizers, cement, grain and other loose bulk cargo. There are covered hoppers with loading hatches on the roof for protection against precipitation.

Flatcar is a rail vehicle used for carriage of machines, equipment, long cargo, containers, as well as loose bulk cargo not requiring protection against precipitation. Container flatcars have no sides and are equipped with special locks for securing high-capacity general purpose containers of any type.

Flatcars for carriage of timber have side walls and additional special racks preventing displacement of cargo.

Tank car is used for carriage of liquids, liquefied gases and powdered material.

Bunker car is in essence a boxcar or a covered hopper. The difference is that a bunker car has several containers mounted on a single frame that are used for carriage of specific loose bulk cargo (flour, petroleum bitumen, granulated material).

Dump car is a tipping wagon used for carriage and automated unloading of loose and lumpy bulk cargo.

Main specifications of a railway freight car are tare weight (weight of an empty car), capacity (the largest weight of cargo that can be carried in a car), body volume, area, length and other linear dimensions.
Types and Sizes of Railway Cars
  • Calculation of volume of goods to be loaded into a container depending on specifications
  • Choosing loading and packing method
  • Preparation of necessary documents for international business transactions
  • Preparation and selection of a container for shipment
  • Cargo insurance and survey
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  • licence for goods;
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  • Analysis of options and selection of rolling stock/road vehicles
  • Selection of optimum route
  • Choosing an optimum price
  • Control of cargo movement from the warehouse to the port
  • Handling unanticipated situations
  • Container forwarding in port
  • Customs handling
  • Consolidation of the lot per bill of lading
  • Preparation of documents per lot for the buyer
  • Analysis of liner services on the required route (time/cost/service)
  • Selection of the best container line on the given route
  • Booking places on the planned vessel
  • Tracking container movement before unloading at the port of destination
  • Control of arrival of the container lot to the port of destination
  • Container forwarding in port
  • Customs handling
  • Planning delivery of containers to the warehouse with the consignee
  • Analysis of options and selection of rolling stock/road vehicles
  • Selection of optimum route
  • Choosing an optimum price
  • Control of cargo movement from the port to the warehouse
  • Handling unanticipated situations
  • Control of unloading of goods
  • Completion of shipment documents
  • Delivery of the empty container to the shipping line's warehouse
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